Blood cancer


Blood cancer

Symptoms

Blood cancer result in different types of symptoms and signs and the most common ones are given below:

  • Unexplained bruising or bleeding
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Swelling
  • Drenching night sweats
  • Severe infections
  • Unexplained fever (38°C or above)
  • An unexplained rash or itchy skin
  • Headaches along with visual difficulties
  • Bone pain
  • Tiredness does not go away with rest or sleep
  • Breathlessness
  • Decreased urination and difficulty while urinating

In every case the symptoms are different. The symptoms can be linked to physical and mental changes.

Causes

The exact reason for blood cancer is still not known but it is influenced by different factors like genetics and environmental factors. Some of the causes are:

  • Aging
  • Family history
  • Weak immune system
  • Viruses such as HIV & HTLV-1.
  • Previous cancer treatment.
  • Blood problem (myelodysplastic syndrome)

Your doctor will diagnose your condition and according to evaluation, the blood cancer treatment will be given to you.

Tests For Blood Cancer

To give the patient the best treatment for blood cancer, a number of tests will be done to confirm the cancer type. The most common types of tests are blood tests (full blood count) and biopsies. Along with that scan is also done to monitor the symptoms and how you are doing.

Diagnosis of blood cancer

People can know they are facing the problem in different ways. In some cases, people get very unwell when they visit the hospital to get to know about blood tumors. Some of the thing which will be done in the blood test to diagnose the reason:

  • Blood is taken from the vein with a syringe.
  • Once the blood sample is taken it is sent to the lab.
  • Finally, the doctor will let you know what to expect.

As per the diagnosis, the doctor will you detail information about the treatment plan and blood cancer treatment cost.

Stages of Blood Cancer

The Blood cancer stages are divided according to the metastasis. Mainly, blood cancer is divided into 4 different stages according to which blood cancer treatment in Punjab will be given.

  • Stage 1
    In the first stage, the lymph nodes get enlarged which happens due to the increase in the lymphocytes count. At this stage, the risk is very less as cancer has not spread to other organs.
  • Stage 2
    In the second stage, the liver, lymph, and spleen get enlarged. It is not necessary that all organs get affected at once but one of them will be involved. Moreover, the growth of lymphocytes is very high.
  • Stage 3
    In the third stage, anemia develops and the organs are enlarged. At this point, it is possible 2 organs get affected.
  • Stage 4
    This is the high-risk stage as the blood platelets are falling at a rapid rate. It starts affecting the lungs and other body parts which get affected in other stages.

Treatment of blood cancer

The main aim of treatment is to completely remove cancer. Well, there are various options but some of the best treatment for blood cancer are given below:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Biological therapy to kill cancers
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
    In this procedure, the destroyed or damaged bone marrow is replaced with healthy stem cells of bone marrow.
  • Radiation Therapy
    In this procedure, the high-energy radiation is used which helps in killing the cancer cells. In case the chemotherapy fails then this option can prove beneficial.
  • Supportive treatment 
    The above-given therapy can take a toll on the human body. So, supportive treatment at the blood cancer hospital can help them manage the side effects and help in the recovery process.