It’s ok to experience different moods on different days. You may feel on top of the world due to some happy event one day and the next day, you may feel down in the dumps. These are normal deviations in the mood. However, if your mood changes are so extreme that they negatively influence your social and personal relationships, you may be suffering from a mood disorder. Mood disorders treatment is readily available at Manas Hospitals
What is Mood Disorder?
Mood disorders denote serious changes in mood that are so extreme that they disrupt daily activities. Mood disorders are categorized into three major categories: depressive, manic, and bipolar.
Though the exact cause of many mood disorders is not known, most of them are related to neurotransmitters. The neurotransmitters are chemicals produced in our body which help in regulating moods, feelings, and behavior. Mood disorders are believed to be caused by changes in the levels of the neurotransmitters. In some cases, heredity may be the reason behind mood disorders, although the role of the environment can’t be downplayed.
Mood disorders can also be triggered by a traumatic incident. Facing a lot of stress can also cause mood disorders. A person with a mood disorder loses his capability of dealing with stress.
- Risk factors for mood disorders
- Risk factors for mood disorders include:
- Age of Adolescence
- Certain medical conditions like hypothyroidism
- Alcohol or drug use
- Certain medications
- Genetic reasons
- Female gender
- Having a personal history of sleep disorders
- A traumatic life event like divorce or death of a loved one
- Keeping a distance or getting isolated from other people
Symptoms of Mood Disorders
They often start as mild feelings of sadness. However, if they continue for a long time or are very intense, then they may lead to a mood disorder.
Common symptoms of mood disorders
- Changes in appetite
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Body aches
- Difficulty in concentrating
- Feeling tired all the time
- Feelings sad and hopeless all the time
- Feeling Guilty
- Feeling Hostile or aggressive
- Feeling irritable all the time
- Loss of interest in daily activities
- Not interacting properly with loved ones
- Weight gain or loss without any reason
Symptoms of mania
Mania is the term given to an abnormally elevated mood. It is also a form of mood disorder. Following are the symptoms of mania –
- Abnormally high energy level
- Less sleep time
- Feeling that one is omnipotent
- The person shows impulsive behavior
- The person suffers from poor judgment
- The person has racing thoughts
- The person talks very fast and switches topics rapidly during the conversation.
In case you see serious symptoms like a threatening or suicidal behavior, then the patient should be handled on an emergency basis.
Mood disorders often require physical as well as mental health examination. The physician performs a physical exam to find out if the medical condition is causing your mood changes. If that factor is ruled out, you may be assessed by a mental health provider who performs a series of assessments which will help in the determination of your mood stability. It is a sad fact that many cases go undiagnosed due to the social stigma associated with mental problems.
Medications and psychotherapy are used to treat mood disorders. However, even during the treatment, mood disorders may persist and show up on some occasions. Educating the people about this condition will help the patients recognize patterns of behavior and seek further treatment. Mood disorders treatment therapy is among the most popular treatment methods for a mood disorder.
Medication in the form of antidepressants and anti-anxiety medicines are prescribed for mood disorder patients. Psychotherapy is also suggested by mental health providers even if medication is being carried out.
Psychotherapy tries to bring about a change in the thought and behavior of the patient. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most common and most popular therapy for mood disorder patients. It has a profound positive treatment effect on the patients. Psychotherapy alone may be sufficient for treating some mood disorder cases.