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Epilepsy - Causes And Symptoms

Epilepsy (Mirgi ka Daura): What It Is, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

June 16, 2024

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If you have epilepsy and are looking for a reliable treatment, visit Manas Hospital. We have experienced doctors who specialise in providing the best epilepsy treatment in Ludhiana. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder caused by uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, causing energy bursts that result in seizures. This condition does not have a cure but can be effectively managed through medicines and treatment. We have the best epilepsy doctors who can help you manage your condition and reduce seizure episodes. Thus, contact Manas Hospital for reliable epilepsy treatment.

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a brain disease or can also be called a neurological condition in which the nerve cells don’t signal properly, resulting in seizures. In the brain, an electrical impulse that travels from one cell to another helps send and receive signals. When there is an energy disruption in these electrical impulses, their rhythmic pattern is disrupted; this causes changes in emotions, awareness, muscle moments, and sensations.

Seizures occur due to an abnormal rush of electrical activity in the brain. Although there is currently no cure for epilepsy, management and treatment help people with this condition manage themselves and reduce the occurrence of seizures. Medicines can greatly help people with epilepsy. If you have epilepsy or experience similar symptoms, you must consult the best epilepsy doctor in Punjab and get a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Types Of Epilepsy

There are two types of epilepsy, these are as follows:

  • Focal (partial) seizures: It is a type of epilepsy in which one part of the brain is affected and causes seizures. It has two types:
    • Focal onset aware seizure is when the individual is aware and awake during a seizure; it’s also called a partial seizure.
    • Focal onset impaired awareness seizure in which the individual is confused or has lost consciousness. It is also called complex partial epilepsy.
  • Generalised seizures: It is a type of epilepsy that targets both sides of the brain and may affect a large network of cells. However, the best epilepsy doctor in Ludhiana can help treat this condition. It has many types, such as:
    • Absence Seizure: It causes a short loss of consciousness or awareness, a blank stare and repetitive movements such as blinking and lip smacking. It is a short seizure and usually lasts less than 10 seconds.
    • Tonic Seizure: It causes sudden stiffness in muscles, which lasts for less than 20 seconds.
    • Atonic Seizure: It causes loss of muscle control and is also called drop seizure, as you may fall during this seizure. It lasts less than 15 seconds.
    • Clonic Seizure: It causes jerky and repeated muscle movement and may last from a few seconds to two minutes.
    • Myoclonic Seizure: It causes spontaneous, quick twitching of muscles and lasts for a few seconds.
    • Tonic-clonic Seizure: It is a combination of tonic (muscle stiffness) and clonic (muscle jerking).

All these seizures could also be clustered and cause seizures that are combinations of the mentioned seizures. Get professional help and the best epilepsy treatment in Ludhiana from Manas Hospital.

Symptoms Of Epilepsy

  • Uncontrolled muscle movements.
  • Blank stare.
  • Blank stare.
  • Temporary loss of consciousness or awareness.
  • Changes in senses like taste, smell, hearing, and feeling tingling or numbness.
  • Chewing in motion, finger motions, lip smacking, upset stomach.
  • Faster breathing and/ or heart rate.
  • Psychic symptoms such as anxiety, fear, or dread.
  • Goosebumps are waves of cold and heat.
  • Problems in understanding and talking.
  • Confusion or slowed thinking.

Causes Of Epilepsy

  • Genetics
  • Mesial temporal sclerosis
  • Head injuries
  • Serious illness
  • Brain tumour cyst
  • Very high fever
  • Lack of oxygen to the brain
  • Brain infection
  • Immune disorder
  • Metabolic disorder
  • Brain vessel abnormalities
  • Development disorder

Treatments Of Epilepsy-

There are some treatment options available to manage and treat epilepsy. The doctor will suggest the best epilepsy treatment in Ludhiana, depending on the type of epilepsy, the severity of the condition, and how well your body responds to the prescribed treatment. Treatment options include:

  • Antiepileptic Drugs: These are medications that help reduce the number or occurrence of seizures. The doctor prescribes this medicine depending on the seizure type, general health, side effects of the drug (if any), your response to previous medications, age, and other medical conditions you may have. If medicines fail to reduce or manage seizures, other treatments are recommended.
  • Ketogenic Diet: It is a special diet that contains high fat, low carbohydrates and moderate proteins. This diet helps in reducing seizure episodes and provides relief. It is the best option for those who are not a candidate for surgery or have no noticeable results from medicines. It is good for children with epilepsy.
  • Vagus Nerve Stimulator: It is a neuromodulation device that is surgically implanted or placed under the skin, generally in the chest. It helps stimulate nerve flow and reduces seizures.
  • Brain Surgery: The part of the brain that causes seizures is either removed or altered to prevent seizures. It includes surgeries such as resection (removal of abnormal tissues), stereotactic radiosurgery (targeted destruction of abnormal brain tissue) or disconnection (fibre bundles are cut that connect areas of the brain).