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different reasons for memory loss

Everything you need to know about different reasons for memory loss

September 24, 2020

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More than 50 conditions can cause symptoms of dementia, and only a small percentage of dementia is reversible. Getting a timely diagnosis is important so that you know what are the possible options for your condition. Consulting the psychiatrist in Ludhiana is going to let you know the underlying problem and which treatment will be the best.

Reversible dementias

Delirium

Delirium result in changes with mental functioning which closely resemble dementia but it has 2 major differences:

  • The mental changes develop quickly which means they can occur in a few hours or days. In some cases, it might take months or years.
  • The person’s consciousness is either clouded, or it results in drowsiness.

This type of dementia is considered a medical emergency because it is considered a life-threatening illness.

Toxic reactions to drugs

Medications are a major reason for affecting mental health. With age, the liver functioning is impacted and they slowly eliminate themselves from the body. The drug starts accumulating in the body. Some of the drugs which can result in dementia-like symptoms are:

  • Antidepressants
  • Antihistamines
  • cardiovascular drugs
  • Anti-Parkinson drugs
  • Anti-anxiety medications
  • Sedatives
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Corticosteroids
  • Narcotics

Depression

In some cases, people have symptoms like inattentiveness, slowed responses, forgetfulness, and disorientation when they are depressed. It is important to check every small change in a person’s behavior on time.

Vitamin B12 deficiency

In older people, the first symptom is often slowness, confusion, apathy, and irritability. An additional symptom is a rare condition that is a deficiency of Vitamin B12. You can find this vitamin in meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, poultry, and it is effectively stored in the liver.

Tumors

Brain tumors are cancerous and therefore they are capable of affecting the surrounding area. Brain tumors affect cognitive functioning and they can even result in personality changes. The symptoms which occur can depend on its location. Some of them which a person can have are seizures, headaches, or vomiting.

Subdural hematomas

These are blood clots that are due to bruising. If they are located in the brain surface and thin membrane then it can have symptoms like Alzheimer’s disease. This condition is life-threatening and you need to consult the doctor on time.

Irreversible dementias

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is different from other dementias at autopsy by the presence of sticky beta-amyloid plaques. Although they might be present in the aging brain. They can affect the areas of learning and memory. They damage the brain results because of inflammation and it disrupts the communication in brain cells.

Vascular dementia

Some cognitive problems stem from insufficient blood flow to portions of the brain. When the blood flow is not proper it can lead to dead tissue deposits in the different areas. This problem can result in the following symptoms:

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • A history of stroke
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes